Our History, Culture and Geography
Venezuela was originally populated by several indigenous tribes, that roughly consisted of one million individuals.
Tribes like the Timotocuicas, one of the most complex civilizations of the country, lived off growing crops and were mainly peaceful.
After several Spanish “discovery” voyages, Venezuela was colonized by Christopher Columbus and his people in 1522.
Many indigenous tribes disappeared after that, as a consequence of Spanish-brought diseases and extermination caused by the Spaniards. Catholicism was adopted as the main religion and Spanish as the main language.
Venezuela is mostly a catholic country, so most of its holidays are religion-related. Almost every region has a day when they celebrate the holiday of their saint, so to speak. These celebrations are filled with music, peregrinations, food, praying and joy, The most notorious holidays are the Divina Pastora peregrination, it being one of the biggest ones in Latin America and the Virgen de Chiquinquirá day, celebrated in the Zulia State. Christmas is the most special time of the year. Special dishes are made just for December, gaitas sound everywhere and the common Venezuelan sharing spirit multiplies.
Even if you are not a religious person, the experience you’ll get to have while visiting the country and witnessing the festivities will be unforgettable.
The Venezuelan gastronomy is based on rich, tasty flavors. Different combinations of meat, chicken or pork are met with rice, beans and different plantain presentations. The different uses of corn are also essential to the Venezuelan daily diet. Our famous arepas (patties made out of corn flour) can be eaten with many different types of filling that go from cheese to meat and beans. Our national dish is called pabellón: it contains rice, shredded meat, fried plantains and black beans.
Every region has its own specific traditional dish, making it a perfect country to do some food tourism.
Venezuela is considered one of the most biologically diverse countries in the world.
Its four major regions are: the Andes region, known by its cool climate, stoning mountain landscapes and the politeness of its citizens; the Caribbean region, relevant because of the warmth and diversity of its people, as captivating as the beauty of its beaches; the Llanos region, a long low-altitude plain in the center of the country in which agriculture and livestock are part of everyday life; and the Amazonic Jungle region, a mysterious conglomerations of almost-unexplored rainforests that host the most diverse species of animals and plants that you can find in the country.
The Canaima National Park, located in the Amazonic Jungle region of the country, is considered part of the World Heritage according to the UNESCO. Its 3-million hectare extension consists of land full of waterfalls, rivers, caves, mountain plateaus, beaches and geological formations. Lots of indigenous tribes live in the park, just like many endemic species. The World’s tallest waterfalls, the Angel Falls, are located here, attraction that makes this part of the country one of the main touristic places to visit.
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